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09 Jun 2015
Sprinkler System Installation Grapevine
You ordered your grape stocks about 6, maybe 12, months ago. Now it is spring and they've been delivered. Or maybe you've grown your personal plants the previous spring and also have taken them beyond storage. The holes are dug and you're simply now ready to plant from the vineyard - at long last! Let me give you my first secret grapevines pruning tip. Here's something An excellent opportunity you do before actually planting your grapevines. Pruning it to retain exactly the strongest cane is easier when done before planting. Sometimes, two canes may be retained depending on if the plant will be taught to a single- or a double-trunk system or as insurance against one cane failing. For the canes remaining in your grapevines, pruning each returning to only three strong buds will provide the basis for a good vine structure. Make sure you trim off any broken or overly long roots too. Grapevines pruning, when done right, allows your vineyard to:

 Develop good, strong vine structure
 Optimize canopy sunlight exposure
 Produce high quality grapes and optimize yield
 Promote next year's fruiting wood growth
 Reduce disease and bug damage

With grapevines pruning, your skill to identify good quality fruiting canes to retain for cropping is important. Here's my second secret grapevines pruning tip: If the green shoots in your grapevines mature through late summer and fall, you will see a change in color from green to reddish-brown since they develop a layer of bark (periderm) and turn into hard. Pencil thick, round, well-browned canes with plump buds about 3 to a few.5 inches apart make the healthiest grapevines. Pruning off flattened canes with poor color and long internodes will leave the best wood for next year's crop. Selecting canes which may have developed outside the canopy together exposure to sunlight provides you with better yields.
Sprinkler System Installation Grapevine

The goal of the first growing season is to develop a straight upright trunk that eventually reaches the cordon wire with the trellis. If the developing canes fall over, vertical growth at the terminal cane is going to be held up and the lateral buds with the highest point on the cane will begin to grow. This will hamper correct trunk development. It is therefore necessary to tie the developing canes to stakes (using twines) and take away lateral shoots. When the trunk reaches the required wire, pinch off of the tip of the trunk on the lateral shoots just underneath the height of the cordon wire and train the shoots in opposite directions along that wire. If employing a trellis system with Two or more levels of cordon wires, pinch off of the tip only when a corner reaches the top wire. Removing lateral shoots and then any grape clusters at bloom may also promote vertical growth.

Any leaves growing for the developing canes needs to be retained as they produce the required carbohydrates for nourishing your grapevines. Pruning during the first growing season promotes trunk development on the expense of root development. A stronger root system promotes better top growth the following year. There is an argument for not performing any grapevines pruning in any way during the first year - just train all canes up to the desired wire. Which replacement for follow will depend on any alternative vineyard management practices you've in place. Grapevines pruning can be an ongoing vineyard maintenance task that should be performed every year. The first 3 years are critical as each season's activity has a different objective. Keep coming back for more insights on all that you should know about growing grapevines, pruning methods plus much more of my secret tips. At the same time, get to it - don't let yourself be afraid to cut back your grape vines - they like it!


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